Sewing Glossary

What on earth do these sewing terms / words mean?

Fat Quarter: A Fat Quarter of fabric is one fourth 1/4 of 1 meter (100cm) this is Fat because printed fabrics are usually longer than 1m wide so the square is wider than 50cm and therefore it is usually around 50x65cm. Quilters love Fat Quarters.

Seam Allowance: is the area between the edge and the stitching line on two (or more) pieces of material being stitched together.

Dressmaking: Dressmaking is defined as the craft of sewing fabrics together to make wearable clothing garments (including dresses)

Right Sides: The Right side of a fabric is the printed side or the side showing the nap.

Fabric Nap: Nap is a type of fabric that has texture to it and some kind of pile. Fabrics consider to be 'with nap' would be velvet, velour, corduroy, and suede.

On the fold: Meaning to cut your fabric piece folded in 2 so that when you open it out it is double the size and shape.

To stitch in the ditch: is to sew in the 'well of the seam', right where two quilt fabrics join

Wadding: A soft layer of cotton, wool, or other fibrous material used for padding or stuffing

Quilting: is the process of sewing of two or more layers of fabric together to make a thicker padded material, usually to create a quilt or quilted garment.

Directional / Non directional: This term refers to the direction of a pattern repeat and whether a fabric can be laid in different directions or whether part of the print will appear upside down